Article 9220

Title of the article

THE ESTIMATION OF CHANGES IN STATE-CHURCH RELATIONS AT THE LOCAL LEVEL DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR 

Authors

Yakunin Vadim Nikolaevich, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, vice-rector of Volga Region State University of Service (4 Gagarina street, Togliatti, Russia), E-mail: vadyak@mail.ru 

Index UDK

281.93(091) 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3024-2020-2-9 

Abstract

Background. The problems of the history of the Russian Orthodox Church during the Great Patriotic War and changes in state-church relations today, when a new model of relations between the state and the Church are being formed in Russia, have acquired particular relevance. It is very important on the basis of studying the situation and activities of the Russian Orthodox Church in Soviet society in 1941–1945 draw valid conclusions, learn lessons, formulate scientific and practical recommendations that can be used to further develop domestic historical science and to improve state-church relations. The purpose of the study is to identify the reaction to changes in state-church relations on the ground, in various layers of Soviet society.
Materials and methods. The implementation of research tasks was achieved through the use of documents extracted from the funds of the State Archive of the Russian Federation. A special place is occupied by the reports of the ruling bishops, the memoirs of contemporaries. The methodological potential includes: a comparative historical method, the application of which allows you to compare the pre-war policy of the Soviet state in relation to religious organizations, with the policy carried out during the Great Patriotic War; a statistical method, the significance of which is obvious for the analysis of data related to the opening of temples in the war years.
Results. The attitude on the part of the Soviet-party bodies, the clergy and believers, various strata of Soviet society towards a change in state-church relations is investigated. The correlation of official politics and propaganda with the concrete embodiment of state church policy is analyzed.
Conclusions. Analyzing the implementation of state policy in relation to the clergy and believers, it is necessary to recognize that in some cases a gross violation of the law and an insult to the religious feelings of believers and their intimidation were allowed. In other cases, there was a readiness to meet all the requirements of believers, clergy and religious groups and societies, and attracting church representatives to participate in meetings of local authorities. The local leadership was disoriented after 25 years of atheistic propaganda, they did not understand the reasons for such a radical change of course in relation to religion and the church. Learning about the facts of illegal actions against believers, the leadership of the Council for the ROC demanded that local leaders punish the guilty. Struggling against unlawful actions against believers by individual leaders, the officials of the Council for the ROC Affairs ensured that local authorities did not hit the opposite extreme and did not help believers in their needs. 

Key words

Russian Orthodox Church, patriotic activity, state-church relations, local cathedral 

 

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References

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Дата создания: 13.07.2020 14:22
Дата обновления: 09.09.2020 10:54